|Posted on December 5, 2010 at 9:08 AM|
Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate gland of males. The prostate is a small walnut shaped organ/gland that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and initially remains confined to the prostate gland where it may not cause serious harm. While some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or treatment, other forms are aggressive, spread quickly and can result in serious disability and death. Prostate cancer that is detected early - when its still confined to the prostate gland - has a better chance of successful treatment.
Prostate cancer may not cause signs or symptoms in its initial stages. Prostate cancer that is more advanced may cause the following signs and symptoms:
When to see a Doctor:
Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any signs and/or symptoms that worry you. Ask your doctor about the benefits and risks of regualr prostate cancer screening. Medical organizations differ on their recommendations for prostate cancer screening.
It's not clear what causes prostate cancer; however, doctors know/understand that prostate cancer begins when some cells in the prostate gland become abnormal. Mutations in the abnormal cell's DNA cause the cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells. The abnormal cells continue living when other cells would die. The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumour that can grow to invade nearby tissue. Some abnormal cells can 'break off' and spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.
Risk Factors that can increase your risk of Prostate Cancer include the following:
Complications of Prostate Cancer and its Treament:
Preparing For Your Appointment:
If you have signs and/or symptoms that worry you, start by seeing your family doctor or a general practitioner. If your doctor suspects you may have a problem with your prostate, you may be referred to a urologist. If you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, you may also be referred to a oncologist.
What You Can Do: